Christian category includes Zion Christian
Infants don't get their own seat on the plane, they will travel on your lap. South African Airways offers special assistance to make travelling more pleasurable and comfortable for our youngest flyers and their parents. The following booking was left unfinished - Resume booking Discard. Friendly Travel Reminder U. Baggage Allowance Policy Read more. Booking Expanded Content The following field s contained an error.
Cabin Class Economy Business. Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window. More than 9 people. Travelling with a disability. South African President Jacob Zuma and Chinese President Hu Jintao upgraded bilateral ties between the two countries on 24 August , when they signed the Beijing Agreement, which elevated South Africa's earlier "strategic partnership" with China to the higher level of "comprehensive strategic partnership" in both economic and political affairs, including the strengthening of exchanges between their respective ruling parties and legislatures.
South Africa is the only African country to have successfully developed nuclear weapons. It became the first country followed by Ukraine with nuclear capability to voluntarily renounce and dismantle its programme and in the process signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in Former president FW de Klerk maintained that South Africa had "never conducted a clandestine nuclear test.
Each of the nine provinces is governed by a unicameral legislature , which is elected every five years by party-list proportional representation. The legislature elects a Premier as head of government, and the Premier appoints an Executive Council as a provincial cabinet. The powers of provincial governments are limited to topics listed in the Constitution; these topics include such fields as health, education, public housing and transport.
The provinces are in turn divided into 52 districts: The district municipalities are further subdivided into local municipalities. The metropolitan municipalities, which govern the largest urban agglomerations, perform the functions of both district and local municipalities. South Africa has a mixed economy , the second largest in Africa after Nigeria. Despite this, South Africa is still burdened by a relatively high rate of poverty and unemployment, and is also ranked in the top 10 countries in the world for income inequality ,    measured by the Gini coefficient.
Unlike most of the world's poor countries, South Africa does not have a thriving informal economy. After government policy brought down inflation, stabilised public finances, and some foreign capital was attracted, however growth was still subpar. Some of the biggest state-owned companies are Eskom, the electric power monopoly, South African Airways SAA , and Transnet, the railroad and ports monopoly. South Africa is a popular tourist destination , and a substantial amount of revenue comes from tourism.
In August , South Africa was ranked as the top African Country of the Future by FDi magazine based on the country's economic potential, labour environment, cost-effectiveness, infrastructure, business friendliness, and Foreign direct investment Strategy. During —, the number of formal jobs decreased and informal jobs increased; overall unemployment worsened. The government's Black Economic Empowerment policies have drawn criticism from Neva Makgetla, lead economist for research and information at the Development Bank of Southern Africa, for focusing "almost exclusively on promoting individual ownership by black people which does little to address broader economic disparities, though the rich may become more diverse.
Along with many African nations, South Africa has been experiencing a " brain drain " in the past 20 years. This is believed to be potentially damaging for the regional economy,  [ not in citation given ] [ clarification needed ] and is almost certainly detrimental for the well-being of those reliant on the healthcare infrastructure.
According to several surveys   there has been a reverse in brain drain following the global financial crisis of — and expiration of foreign work contracts. Several important scientific and technological developments have originated in South Africa. The first human-to-human heart transplant was performed by cardiac surgeon Christiaan Barnard at Groote Schuur Hospital in December , Max Theiler developed a vaccine against yellow fever, Allan McLeod Cormack pioneered X-ray computed tomography , and Aaron Klug developed crystallographic electron microscopy techniques.
With the exception of that of Barnard, all of these advancements were recognised with Nobel Prizes. Sydney Brenner won most recently, in , for his pioneering work in molecular biology. Mark Shuttleworth founded an early Internet security company Thawte , that was subsequently bought out by world-leader VeriSign.
Despite government efforts to encourage entrepreneurship in biotechnology, IT and other high technology fields, no other notable groundbreaking companies have been founded in South Africa. It is the expressed objective of the government to transition the economy to be more reliant on high technology, based on the realisation that South Africa cannot compete with Far Eastern economies in manufacturing, nor can the republic rely on its mineral wealth in perpetuity.
South Africa has cultivated a burgeoning astronomy community. Two distinctive features of the South African water sector are the policy of free basic water and the existence of water boards, which are bulk water supply agencies that operate pipelines and sell water from reservoirs to municipalities. These features have led to significant problems concerning the financial sustainability of service providers, leading to a lack of attention to maintenance.
The eastern parts of South Africa suffer from periodic droughts linked to the El Niño weather phenomenon. Water-saving measures were in effect that required each citizen to use less than 50 litres a day. South Africa is a nation of about 55 million people of diverse origins, cultures, languages, and religions.
The last census was held in , with a more recent intercensal national survey conducted in Statistics South Africa asks people to describe themselves in the census in terms of five racial population groups. South Africa hosts a sizeable refugee and asylum seeker population.
According to the World Refugee Survey , published by the US Committee for Refugees and Immigrants, this population numbered approximately , in South Africa has 11 official languages: In this regard it is fourth only to Bolivia , India , and Zimbabwe in number.
While all the languages are formally equal, some languages are spoken more than others. According to the census, the three most spoken first languages are Zulu Many of the unofficial languages of the San and Khoikhoi people contain regional dialects stretching northwards into Namibia and Botswana, and elsewhere. These people, who are a physically distinct population from other Africans, have their own cultural identity based on their hunter-gatherer societies.
They have been marginalised to a great extent, and the remainder of their languages are in danger of becoming extinct. French is spoken in South Africa by migrants from Francophone Africa. According to the census, Christians accounted for Christian category includes Zion Christian Muslims accounted for 1. African initiated churches formed the largest of the Christian groups. It was believed that many of the persons who claimed no affiliation with any organised religion adhered to traditional African religion.
These healers use a combination of ancestral spiritual beliefs and a belief in the spiritual and medicinal properties of local fauna and flora, commonly known as muti , to facilitate healing in clients.
Many peoples have syncretic religious practices combining Christian and indigenous influences. South African Muslims comprise mainly those who are described as Coloureds and those who are described as Indians. They have been joined by black or white South African converts as well as others from other parts of Africa.
South Africa is also home to a substantial Jewish population , descended from European Jews who arrived as a minority among other European settlers. This population peaked in the s at ,, though only around 67, remain today, the rest having emigrated. Even so, these numbers make the Jewish community in South Africa the twelfth largest in the world. The South African black majority still has a substantial number of rural inhabitants who lead largely impoverished lives.
It is among these people that cultural traditions survive most strongly; as blacks have become increasingly urbanised and Westernised , aspects of traditional culture have declined.
Members of the middle class, who are predominantly white but whose ranks include growing numbers of black, coloured and Indian people,  have lifestyles similar in many respects to that of people found in Western Europe, North America and Australasia.
South African art includes the oldest art objects in the world, which were discovered in a South African cave, and dated from 75, years ago.
New forms of art evolved in the mines and townships: The Dutch-influenced folk art of the Afrikaner Trekboers and the urban white artists earnestly following changing European traditions from the s onwards also contributed to this eclectic mix, which continues to evolve today.
South African literature emerged from a unique social and political history. One of the first well known novels written by a black author in an African language was Solomon Thekiso Plaatje 's Mhudi , written in During the s, Drum magazine became a hotbed of political satire, fiction, and essays, giving a voice to urban black culture.
Coetzee won the Nobel Prize for Literature, in When awarding the prize, the Swedish Academy stated that Coetzee "in innumerable guises portrays the surprising involvement of the outsider". Breyten Breytenbach was jailed for his involvement with the guerrilla movement against apartheid. André Brink was the first Afrikaner writer to be banned by the government after he released the novel A Dry White Season. While South Africa's many broadcasters and publications reflect the diversity of the population as a whole, the most commonly used language is English.
However, all ten other official languages are represented to some extent or another. There is great diversity in South African music. Black musicians have developed a unique style called Kwaito , that is said to have taken over radio, television, and magazines. More famous traditional musicians include Ladysmith Black Mambazo , while the Soweto String Quartet performs classic music with an African flavour. Afrikaans music covers multiple genres, such as the contemporary Steve Hofmeyr , the punk rock band Fokofpolisiekar and the singer-songwriter Jeremy Loops.
South African popular musicians that have found international success include Johnny Clegg , as well as Seether. Although few South African film productions are known outside South Africa itself, many foreign films have been produced about South Africa. Arguably, the most high-profile film portraying South Africa in recent years was District 9. South African culture is diverse; foods from many cultures are enjoyed by all and especially marketed to tourists who wish to sample the large variety of South African cuisine.
South African cuisine is heavily meat-based and has spawned the distinctively South African social gathering known as the braai , a variation of the barbecue. South Africa has also developed into a major wine producer, with some of the best vineyards lying in valleys around Stellenbosch , Franschhoek , Paarl and Barrydale.
South Africa's most popular sports are soccer , rugby and cricket. Although soccer commands the greatest following among the youth, other sports like basketball, surfing and skateboarding are increasingly popular. Most of them also participate in the Indian Premier League. It followed the Rugby World Cup by hosting the African Cup of Nations , with the national team going on to win the tournament.
In Oscar Pistorius became the first double amputee sprinter to compete at the Olympic Games in London. In golf, Gary Player is generally regarded as one of the greatest golfers of all time, having won the Career Grand Slam , one of five golfers to have done so. The adult literacy rate in was Learners have twelve years of formal schooling, from grade 1 to Grade R is a pre-primary foundation year. The Senior Certificate examination takes place at the end of grade 12 and is necessary for tertiary studies at a South African university.
Public universities in South Africa are divided into three types: There are 23 public universities in South Africa: Under apartheid, schools for blacks were subject to discrimination through inadequate funding and a separate syllabus called Bantu Education which was only designed to give them sufficient skills to work as labourers.
In South Africa started reforming its higher education system, merging and incorporating small universities into larger institutions, and renaming all higher education institutions "university". Public expenditure on education was at 5.
South Africa is home to the third largest hospital in the world, the Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital. After the General Elections , President Jacob Zuma appointed Dr Aaron Motsoaledi as the new minister and committed his government to increasing funding for and widening the scope of AIDS treatment,  and by , South Africa had made significant progress in HIV treatment, with the widespread availability of cheap and effective medication resulting in an increase in life expectancy from From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the modern state. For the geographical area, see Southern Africa. For other uses, see South Africa disambiguation. Republic in the southernmost part of Africa. Pretoria executive Bloemfontein judicial Cape Town legislative.
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Geography of South Africa. Climate of South Africa. Biodiversity of South Africa. King protea , national flower. Fynbos , Cape Floristic Region. Blue crane , national bird. Flowers in the West Coast National Park. Crime in South Africa. Foreign relations of South Africa. South African National Defence Force. Provinces of South Africa. Economy of South Africa. Science and technology in South Africa. Water supply and sanitation in South Africa. Demographics of South Africa.
Languages of South Africa. Largest cities or towns in South Africa Community Survey . Religion in South Africa. Religion in South Africa  religion percent Protestant. Culture of South Africa. Sport in South Africa.
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Community tourism projects in South Africa are inspired by Nelson Mandela's legacy of moral fortitude and offer a way for the local and international traveller to acquire a little of his glow and change the southern tip of Africa for the. South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in tanzaniasafarisorvicos.gal: Pretoria (executive), Bloemfontein (judicial), Cape Town (legislative). SAA has the most frequent daily flights to Cape Town. Buy flight tickets from Johannesburg to fly to destinations like London, New York, Hong Kong and more.